Stacked Stone Installations


So, are you ready to build your stone wall in your house? Let me share the steps that I got from some reliable sources:

Set up a plan
Yes, of course, you cannot do anything to build your own stone wall without planning your project. From what I know, it is better for you to firstly browse or create a stacked stone hatch so you have a clearer visualization of how the wall is going to be.

It does not matter if you cannot make your own as you are able to get some inspirations from the Internet or magazines. Besides that, it is also important for you to plan how wide and long your stone wall will be to estimate the budgets and materials you need. Make sure the design is feasible with the location of the wall, too.

Select your stone

Now when you already have a planned project of your stone wall, it is the time to pick up the material. Yes, the stone. As I said before, there many types of stones available out there thus it is your decision which one(s) that will make your wall looks amazing. For your information, dry stack walls can be possibly made from three types of stones: round field, relatively flat stacking and uniformly cut dressed stones. Considering each has its own feel and look when attached in the wall, make sure to see the picture first. Ah, I nearly missed it, do not forget to bring your wall measurement as it will affect the quantity and the size of the stones you need.

Lay out the wall area and direction

You have already had everything you need to build your stone wall, so let’s start with the main job here. Before building it up, you need to lay out the wall area and direction; you may cut away a bank or build the wall and backfilling as you go to create a terrace effect. Pull a string line the length of the wall to define the front wall. Right, are you done? This is not the most challenging part of it, it will not take too long time.

Dig a footing

From the word ‘footing’ you probably can guess that this step belongs to making a base or foundation for the wall. Dig a ditch the length of the wall that is about a foot wide and 8 to 12 inches below the ground level. Besides working as the footing, this ditch also prevents the stones from sliding forward because of the pressure of the earth behind.
Place larger stones on the bottom (always)
In order to make the foundation strong and steady, always remember to place the larger stones on the bottom. Put the flat slide facing forward and slanted back about 8 degrees. The rock should just miss touching the string line, and be supported by dirt filled in behind it. Do this for the length of the wall, with each large rock touching the one next to it.

Fill dirt behind the large stones
You know, the center of the wall needs to be laid with fairly tight fitting stones and then leveled off with dirt. Therefore, fill dirt behind the large stones and tap the earth firmly while letting the 8-degree slant hold the stones in place by gravity. In this way, the wall stone will stand steadily.

How to install Stacked Stone Tile

1. Stacked Stone Wall

The term ‘stacked stone tile’ refers to products that are made by using the ancient practice of dry stacking. The concept originated several thousand years back when stones were stacked one atop another to build retaining walls.

The method was also used for creating boundaries, which were used to restrain livestock and other domesticated animals from wandering.

The concept of stacked stone tile structures relies on the strength of the stones that are used in terms of their weight and also the amount of friction that exists between each of the stones.

Stacked stone walls became an especially popular concept because walls that had been created with care and were strong could last for thousands of years.

2. Principles Of Building Stacked Stone Walls

Stacked Stones With Different Colors

The first rule of thumb when building a stacked stone wall is to maintain a uniform size for the stones. While uneven sizes can also be used these are likely to cause problems when trying to fit the stones closely together and these might slip or push against one another and come loose.

The next thing to keep in mind while building a wall is to ensure that it has a strong base.

Stacked Stone Fireplace

A proper foundation is essential for the wall to have strength and endurance so that it lasts for a long time, serves its purpose and does not need constant repairs. If the base of the wall is weak the structure will not hold and is likely to crumble at any time.

The third thing to keep in mind is to ensure that all the stones fit together. There should be no air spaces and random gaps between the different stones. Not only can these cause the stones to come loose and shift around over time, they may also act as weak pressure points in the entire structure.

The stones should fit snugly and firmly against one another.

The Functionality

One of the primary reasons for creating a stacked stone wall is to build a partition between a specific compound or area and to separate it from the region beyond it. This is usually done with the purpose of restricting the earth pieces and the soil from reaching the inner side of the stacked wall.

To be able to achieve this purpose fully it is imperative to create a strong, solid and sturdy structure. Building a functional stacked stone wall involves far more than simply piling up stones together.

One has to build the wall in accordance with formal engineering principles to ensure that the wall is firm, does not come lose, is enduring and serves its purpose well.

3. Important Factors When Building A Wall With Stacked Stones

Great Looking Design

The following factors have to be taken into consideration when one is planning to build a stacked stone wall.

Whether you are erecting the wall as a boundary to your residential property, creating a small enclosure for any purpose or merely creating a decorative pattern in your garden, these considerations have to be kept in mind :-

* Building materials required and their functionality in the surroundings

* The slope of the land

* The wall top

* The drainage level and system in the area

* The functionality to be achieved

These walls can be made using poured concrete, fake stone veneer, natural stones, interlocking blocks, interlocking pavers and even pieces of wood.

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Is that all? Nope, you still have some more steps to build your stacked stone wall such as providing complementary stones for filling in the space between the large rocks, making the next layer of stones and finally square off the top of the wall with smaller stones to give it a neat, straight and flat look. Not as hard as you think, is it?

Our Sources/Bibliography

Build a Dry Stack Retaining Rock Wall
Benefits of using Stacked Stone Tiles
Wallstone Rulles