How to tile a bathroom floor: Let’s Do It
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For this purpose you will require some of the tools and the materials like sponge, adjustable wrench, screwdriver, damp rag, pry bar, putty knife, large piece of cardboard for template, tape measure, chalk, hot glue gun, large bucket, paddle mixer, electric drill, water cooled tile saw, ¼” notched trowel, card stock paper, pencil, template gauge, tile nipper, compass, foam rubber tile float and the materials like strips of wood for guidelines, hot glue sticks, thin-set mortar, tile spacers, grout and grout sealer. When you are ready with above tools you can proceed further.
If you proceed with planning then you will be able to finish the work rapidly and with a professional touch. For tiling your bathroom you need to proceed with a definite plan and your first step would be removing the toilet. For this you can begin by shutting off the water supply at the shut off valve and by flushing the toilet to empty it from the water contents. Now with the help of an adjustable wrench, disconnect the water supply from the toilet tank.
Next you should remove the nuts holding the toilet to the flange on the floor and lift off the bowl from the floor and carefully remove the toilet from the bathroom. It is advisable to fill a wet piece of rag in the flange opening to prevent sewer gas from escaping. Now you should remove the old vinyl flooring if any before proceeding further, if there is no previous flooring then you may proceed to the next step.
As your floor is ready for the laying of the new tiles now it is the time for planning of the layout for the tiles you have already purchased. After you finalize the layout plan for your bathroom floor, mark the floor with chalk in such a way that it should not get off, while you move on it for working. If you want you may attach strips of wood with hot melt glue, just in case the mortar covers up some of the lines.
Now it’s the time to mix the thin-set mortar, pour the mortar into the water and mix the mortar using a paddle mixer powered by an electric drill. You have the option of using quick setting or regular setting mortar for the fixing of the tiles. When the mortar is ready, spread it on the floor using the trowel according to your layout plan. The trowel you will be using should have two sides, a notched edge and a flat edge. The flat edge is used first, to distribute the mortar and press it firmly in contact with the floor. The notched edge is then used by tipping the trowel to a steep angle and scraping it across the surface. These notches create furrows or ridges of uniform thickness.
Now take the first tile and put it nicely in the place. As you are put it down, give a little jiggle to set it firmly in its place and insert a tile spacer between the two adjacent tiles to keep uniform width for all joints. After you fix up all full sized tiles barring the toilet flange and drain openings, it is the time for cutting some of the odd shaped edge tiles that will go along the wall, it is advisable to use a water-cooled tile saw to cut the tiles to shape. To cut a tile to fit around odd shapes use a template gauge to duplicate the shape and then transfer that shape onto card stock, cut out the pattern and trace it onto the tile.
Next, use the wet saw to cut narrow strips in the section you will need to remove. The last section to cut is around the toilet flange and the drain openings. Start by measuring the diameter of the drain hole then use a compass to draw a circle on a piece of card stock and cut it out. Before cementing the tiles to the floor, put the first two in position. After centering the template on the drain hole, trace the template onto each tile. Use the wet saw and the same cutaway technique that was used for the molding. Repeat the process for the other two tiles and cement everything in place.
After you are done with the fixing of the tiles Use a foam rubber grout float, dipped in water, to apply the grout. First, use the float to push down on the grout and force it into the joints. The grout should fill the joints all the way to the bottom. Scrape off the excess by the float use damp sponges to wash off the excess. After few days, apply a good quality grout sealer to keep the grout free of stains.
Do IT Yourself: The Self Stick Floor Tiles
Usually the self stick floor tiles are made out of the vinyl. These self-stick floor tiles provide you a great, inexpensive option for kitchen, bathroom, and entryway flooring. These vinyl tiles possess a high quality and they can effectively imitate the looks of ceramic and stone tiles, but as compared to the other tiles they are much cheaper and are quite easier and faster to install. It is so easy to install these tiles that even you can do the job without any great amount of knowledge about tile fixing.
To begin with you will require certain tools and accessories to perform the job of tile fixing like sandpaper, floor filler, cleaner, adequate quantity of self-stick vinyl tiles, tile roller, utility knife, measuring tape and chalk.
The first Step is to remove the old flooring present, if necessary as the self-stick vinyl tiles can be laid over dry concrete, undamaged vinyl and linoleum or plywood surface. You can put a plywood surface over the existing damaged floor, if you feel that it is necessary to get a true surface. Now you should fill and sand any nail holes, cracks or low spots in the floor to obtain a true surface. Check and remove any bumps in the floor with a chisel or sandpaper whichever you deem fit. Now proceed to fill low spots in the floor or textured vinyl using a commercial grade leveler. Now you should clean the floor to remove all dirt and grease from the floor and remove any glossy surface or adhesive with the appropriate commercial products available in the market.
To lay the new floor using the self stick floor tiles, you have to make sure that you store the new self-stick vinyl tiles inside your house 24 to 48 hours before the time of fixing them. This is to ensure the adhesive gets acclimated to the proper temperature prevailing in your house. Your next step would be to find the center of the place where you want to lay the new tiles by measuring the center of each wall and drawing a chalk line between the opposing walls. Now lay a row of tiles to each wall from the center chalk line cross without removing the paper from the back of the tiles and adjust the center starting point of the tiles so that there is not less than a half tile where the rows meet each of the four walls. Re-draw the chalk line to mark the new starting point.
After you are through this process you may remove the paper backing from the first self-stick vinyl tile in the center starting point and firmly press the tile in place.
After that, continue laying the tiles in rows from the center of the room to the walls. Always try to be careful to lay the tile edges as close to the last tile as possible for greater durability and a good finish. You can cut the tiles with the utility knife to fit at the end of the row if necessary. You may also use cardboard to make patterns when fitting tiles around difficult shapes.
Painting Floor Tiles Are Here To Add Splendor
The painted floor tiles are quite capable of providing your house a noticeable artistic touch that is not easy to be matched by the use of any other floor tile. Most of the painted floor tiles are considered as the pieces of art. If you want to give your home a creative and artistic touch, then the most suitable option before you is to use painted floor tiles. Painted floor tiles have different variations and the hand painted floor tile is one of the most popular methods for decorating the floor tiles.
For Hand painting usually ceramic floor tiles are used due to its user friendly nature. The hand painted ceramic tile not only improve the aesthetic value of your home, but also increases its resale value. These tiles present before you a perfect option to beautify any particular area inside your home including the children’s bedroom, recreation areas, living room, counter tops, stair risers, fireplaces, patios, fountains, table tops, floor accents, window borders, display windows or wall coverings etc.
The painted floor tiles are especially prominent for their unmatched beauty, and they come in a myriad of shades and colors. Everything from abstract and geometric designs to images of historic events and ancient designs such as cave art paintings, Egyptian hieroglyphics, and Mayan stone carvings are adopted as themes for hand painting these ceramic floor tiles. The hand painting of ceramic floor tile has now taken shape of a serious hobby, as it gives a skilled artist the full freedom to express his imagination like any artist gets while creating a masterpiece on a canvas.
Plain, shiny, and white glazed ceramic tiles and thin tiles are most suitable for hand painting. The media used for hand painting ceramic tiles generally depend on the plans and techniques employed. Some of the most commonly used materials and tools for hand painting ceramic tiles are China paints usually made from the oxides of several metals, lavender oil, brushes, palette knife, fine calligraphy pen, soft pencil for glass, and turpentine oil.
The first step in the process of hand painting on the ceramic floor tile is to decide the theme of the painting. Then, make rough sketches on a graph paper of the exact size. Before hand painting the tiles, they are cleaned thoroughly with soapy water and allowed to dry.
Next, step includes mixing of the paint with oil and turpentine. Brush and palette knife can be used to smear and blend colors. When the hand painting process is complete, it is necessary to heat the painted floor tiles between 1350 degrees and 1500 degrees Fahrenheit, inside a kiln to make the paintings last for a longer duration.
Mostly, hand painted ceramic tiles are durable and can be used for pool installation and other outdoor purposes too. The water-proof hand painted tiles is the latest entrant in the painted tile arena. There are custom made hand painted ceramic tiles are also available to suit your specific taste.